The type of voices people who suffer from schizophrenia are hearing depends on where they live. Clinical studies show that people who have auditory hallucinations in Africa and India describe them as positive requests from family members or spirits, but most Americans say they hear violent, torturous, hateful yelling from strangers. Source: https://news.stanford.edu/news/2014/july/voices-culture-luhrmann-071614.html
Morrow at el., (2019) reckon at least 80% of communication is in observable non-verbal behaviour, particularly facio-manual gesturing.
Sara Lazar is a Harvard neuroscientist and a leading researcher in the field.
Jones and Pulos (1993) looked at the process in thirty brief psychodynamic sessions and thirty-two sessions of CBT. They found that better outcome in CBT was not predicted by cognitiv techniques but was associated with psychodynamic exploratory interventions (i.e. 'evocation of affect', 'bringing troublesome feelings into awareness', and 'integrating difficulties with past experience').
In a randomised control trial - patients who rated their clinician as showing greater empathy had reduced common-cold severity and and duration, and increases in immune response levels.
Suicide is the 14th leading cause of death worldwide, responsible for 1.5 per cent of all mortality and it is the leading cause of death among young and middle-aged men in the UK (ONS, 2015).
A study in 2014 from St. Michael's Hospital and the Institute of Clinical Evaluative Science in Toronto indicated that women are more likely to seek out psychological counselling during a crisis than men. Instead, men will often turn to external coping mechanisms like alcohol.
It was found that anxious clients rate situations as being more dangerous than control subjects do - even when given information that assured them about their safety. Reference: Arntz, Rauner and van der Haut (1995).